Traditional houses in Moldova still can be found in any village. There are differences between the houses in the North, Centre and South, but in the same time there are some generalities. In Moldovan household are usually several constructions:


  1. The house which usually faces the South or the East. The oldest houses existing have 3 rooms of different width but the same length. The most common size of a house was 3m x 4m x 5m. The house façade was symmetrical, with one door in the center and two windows on the sides. It had stairs and an open or enclosed porch with columns made of wood or stone. The decoration of the porch, the columns, the eaves and the roof of the house have some connotation in the local culture.
  2. Casoaia (or summer kitchen), were originally built because of the hot summers, when housewives preferred to carry out their activities in a space other than the main house. Next to the summer house, the cotlon (summer wood-fired oven) is located.
  3. The cellar which is a must for a Moldovan household. It is designed to store food products and the home made wine. The cellar is usually built on a slope, under the main house or the summer house. If built separately, it is covered with a thick layer ofIt has a rectangular shape and is quite large 3 x 4 m.

In the north region of Moldova, houses are almost square-shaped, with enclosed low porches (if the land is flat) or high porches with a veranda under which the entrance to the cellar is located. Nowadays porches are wider, they have arches between the columns and are glazed.

In the center of Moldova, wood is used for the construction of houses. Traditionally, eaves are covered with a nicely carved wooden ribbon. The porch is enclosed by a parapet and has carved columns with nicely ornamented capitals. On the calcareous borders of the Raut River, the stone is used for ornamentation, instead of wood. Vivid examples may be found in the villages Branesti, Trebujeni, Butuceni, and Morovaia.

In the south region, houses are oblong, with gable roofs. These wood canopies were artistically decorated. The architecture has been influenced by the preferences of the German colonists who settled in the Budjak steppe upon an order of the Russian Empire.